What do the scholars and muftis of the mighty Shari’ah say regarding the following matter; can parents give the qurbani on behalf of the baligh [those that have reached puberty] children? And can a husband give it on behalf of his wife? Some people say it is necessary to seek their permission first.
Questioner: Abdullah from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
Yes that is so. It is necessary to have the permission of baligh (mature) children, with their permission the parents can give the qurbani on their behalf and like this a husband can give qurbani for his wife once she has given permission. And if the qurbani was given without their permission then the wujūb (necessity) [of giving qurbani] has not been fulfilled on their behalf. As it is mentioned in Fatawa Hindiyyah,
وَلَيْسَ عَلَى الرَّجُلِ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ عَنْ أَوْلَادِهِ الْكِبَارِ وَامْرَأَتِهِ إلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ
[Fatawa Hindiyyah, the Book of Sacrifice, Chapter 1, Page 293]
And it is mentioned in Bahār-e-Sharī’at,
“If he wants to give qurbani on behalf of mature boys or his wife then will need their permission, giving the qurbani without their say-so would not fulfill the wujūb of qurbani [upon the mature children or wife].”
[Bahār-e-Sharī’at, Volume 3, Part 15, pg 334]
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Abu Zayn
Read the original answer in Urdu here – [Q-ID0376] Must I seek permission of my wife & kids before giving qurbani on their behalf?