What do the scholars of the Dīn and muftīs of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: Dawate Islami, which is a large organisation of the Ahl al-Sunnah, collects people’s Qurbānīs in the UK, meaning it collects money and send it to Pakistan, then with their money animals are bought over there to sacrifice on behalf of them; is this method correct, that a person himself does not perform Qurbānī, rather someone else who is in Pakistan performs it on their behalf?
Questioner: Abdullah from Sheffield, England
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
Yes, this method is absolutely correct and is in accordance with the Sharī’ah because Qurbānī is a pious deed of wealth, meaning it is a form of worship which is attributed to wealth; it is permissible to make someone one’s own alternate or wakīl [i.e. authorised representative] in this, just as it is mentioned in Fatāwā Hindiyyah,
“وَمِنْهَا أَنَّهُ تَجْرِي فِيهَا النِّيَابَةُ فَيَجُوزُ لِلْإِنْسَانِ أَنْ يُضَحِّيَ بِنَفْسِهِ أَوْ بِغَيْرِهِ بِإِذْنِهِ؛ لِأَنَّهَا قُرْبَةٌ تَتَعَلَّقُ بِالْمَالِ فَتَجْرِي فِيهَا النِّيَابَةُ”
“And amongst them [i.e. the rulings of Qurbānī] is also the matter of representation also being possible, whereby it is permissible for a person to have Qurbānī done himself or someone other than him performs the Qurbānī with his permission. This is because Qurbānī is a pious deed which is related to wealth, thus representation, meaning making another person one’s representative, is possible.”
[al-Fatāwā al-Hindiyyah, vol 5, ch 1, pg 293-294]
It is also stated in Bahār-e-Sharī’at that representation is possible in this, meaning one does need to do it themselves, rather it can be that one gives another person permission and they do it [instead].
[Bahār-e-Sharī’at, vol 3, part 15, pg 335]
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Haider Ali
Read the original Urdu answer here: [Q-ID0545] Is it permissible to make a Charity or another individual perform Qurbani on your behalf?