What do the scholars of the Dīn and muftīs of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: Is it necessary to offer sacrifice [Qurbani] on behalf of deceased parents?
Questioner: Adeed from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
It is not necessary to offer sacrifice [Qurbani] on behalf of deceased parents in order to send them its reward. However, if one does it, he will be rewarded. Offering sacrifice to Allah ﷻ is an act which is rewarded. Therefore, in addition to offering sacrifice from himself, a person can offer nafl [voluntary] sacrifice on behalf of his parents so that they are rewarded.
It is mentioned in a hadith in Sunan Tirmidhi that Sayyiduna Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) used to sacrifice a ram on behalf of the Noble Prophet ﷺ after his passing to the isthmus-realm.
أَنَّهُ كَانَ يُضَحِّي بِكَبْشَيْنِ ، أَحَدُهُمَا عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، وَالْآخَرُ عَنْ نَفْسِهِ ” فَقِيلَ لَهُ: فَقَالَ: أَمَرَنِي بِهِ يَعْنِي النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَلَا أَدَعُهُ أَبَدًا
Sayyiduna Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) used to offer the sacrifice of two rams, one on behalf of the Prophet ﷺ and the other from himself. When he was asked concerning this, he replied, “The Prophet ﷺ ordered me to do it, so I will never leave it.”
[Sunan al-Tirmidhi, hadith 1495]
This hadith proves that sacrifice can be offered on behalf of a deceased person and also one’s own deceased parents.
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by the SeekersPath Team
Read the original Urdu answer here: [Q-ID0804] Can I offer the Qurbani on behalf of my deceased Parents?