[Q-ID0375] Everybody is talking about qurbani, please tell me what it is.

QUESTION:

What do the scholars noble Shari’ah say regarding the following matter; what is qurbani, who must give it, what must be sacrificed and is it true we cannot cut our nails or trim our hair? 

Questioner: A brother from UK

ANSWER:

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

WHAT IS QURBANI?

Qurbani is the sacrifice made during the Days of Sacrifice (Ayyaam-un-Nahr) from Fajr of Eid-ul-Adha, 10th Dhul Hijjah until the sunset on 12th Dhul Hijjah. It is mustahabb (recommended) to give Qurbani on the first day.

WHO MUST GIVE QURBANI?

Qurbani is wajib (necessary) upon every:

(1) sane,

(2) mature,

(3) Muslim,

(4) who is not a traveller,

(5) who owns wealth which reaches the Nisaab which is approximately £260 [at today’s rate 21/08/2017] in the UK,

(6) and who has reached the first Day of Eid-ul-Adha.

A wife who fulfils the above conditions must pay for herself but children not at the age of responsibility do not have to. If a man gives Qurbani on behalf of his wife or his mature children then for it to be valid he must give it with their permission. Their Qurbani will not be valid if he gives it without their permission.

Also see:

[Q-ID0366] Upon which people is Qurbani necessary? What about those going for Hajj?

[Q-ID0376] Must I seek permission of my wife & kids before giving qurbani on their behalf?

WHAT IS THE AGE OF RESPONSIBILITY?

Girls and boys must give Qurbani if they fulfil the above conditions and if they show signs of maturity. Every person aged 15 must give Qurbani if the above conditions are met regardless of showing signs of maturity or not because at 15 they are classed as mature Islamically for commands and prohibitions of the Shari’ah.

The age for maturity is calculated in Islamic years. Bear in mind that Islamic lunar years are approximately 10 days shorter than Christian solar years and this must be taken into account.

Hence if for example Zayd turned 15 on 10th July 2017 then Islamically he would have been 15 approximately 150 days before this on 10th February 2017. This is a rough estimation. We should instead make a note of our Islamic birthday and work out our age in Islamic years by this.

Also see:

[Q-ID0367] Do we have to perform Qurbani for children?

[Q-ID0377] A baligh child receives lots of Eid gift money, must he now give qurbani?

WHAT MUST BE GIVEN FOR SACRIFICE?

For Qurbani it is wajib (necessary) to sacrifice one goat or sheep, or a seventh of a camel or cow. One goat or sheep counts for one person’s obligation and one camel or cow counts for seven peoples’ obligation.

Also see [Q-ID0089] What is the bare minimum I must sacrifice during Dhul Hijjah? (Qurbani/Udhiya)

WHEN DOES ONE AVOID CLIPPING NAILS AND CUTTING HAIR?

The Beloved Prophet صلى الله تعالى عليه وآله وسلم said,

“Whoever intends doing Qurbani should avoid clipping his nails or cutting his hair for the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah.” [Sunan an-Nisa’i 4362]

This is mustahabb (recommended) and not wajib for the one who will be giving Qurbani; so if someone does clip his or her nails or cuts their hair there will not be any wrongdoing and the Qurbani will still be valid. After the Qurbani has been given one may clip nails and cut hair.

In the UK, there is a possibility that the 1st of Dhul Hijjah will fall on Wednesday 23rd of August so those intending to give Qurbani ought to clip their nails and cut their hair before sunset on Tuesday 22nd of August.

Allah knows best.

Answered by Mawlana Shahid Ali

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