What do the scholars and muftis of the noble Shari’ah say regarding the following matter; I have been observing since long time that in the Sunni masjids, when the verse اِنَّ اللہَ وَمَلٰٓئِکَتَہٗ یُصَلُّوۡنَ عَلَی النَّبِیِّ is recited, people say “Haqq Ya Nabi” (True, O Prophet!). What is the ruling regarding this?
Questioner: Hashim from London, UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
In the scenario in question, it is fard (obligatory) upon the listeners to remain silent and listen to the Qur’an. It is impermissible to say “Haqq Nabi” or anything else whilst listening to the verse. When the Qur’an is recited loudly, it is fard upon all those present, to listen to it, if they have gathered with the purpose of listening to it. Allah ﷻ states:
وَاِذَا قُرِیَٔ الْقُرْاٰنُ فَاسْتَمِعُوۡا لَہٗ وَاَنۡصِتُوۡا لَعَلَّکُمْ تُرْحَمُوۡنَ
Translation: “And when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it attentively, and observe silence so that mercy may be bestowed upon you.” [Surah al-A’raf, 204]
It is mentioned in Khaza’in al-‘Irfan: “It is proven from this verse that when the Holy Qur’an is recited, be it in salah (the ritual prayer) or elsewhere, listening to it and remaining silent is wajib (fard).”
It is stated in al-Fatawa al-Ridawiyyah: “When the Noble Qur’an is recited, listening to it attentively and remaining silent is fard.” [al-Fatawa al-Ridawiyyah, vol. 23, pg. 351]
Furthermore, it is stated in Radd al-Muhtar:
وَحَاصِلُ الْآيَةِ أَنَّ الْمَطْلُوبَ بِهَا أَمْرَانِ الِاسْتِمَاعُ وَالسُّكُوتُ، فَيَعْمَلُ بِكُلٍّ مِنْهُمَا، وَالْأَوَّلُ يَخُصُّ الْجَهْرِيَّةَ، وَالثَّانِي لَا فَيَجْرِي عَلَى إطْلَاقِهِ فَيَجِبُ السُّكُوتُ عِنْدَ الْقِرَاءَةِ مُطْلَقًا
Translation: “It is deduced from the verse that both the actions, i.e. listening attentively and remaining silent, are required. They must be acted upon. The first one is exclusive to loud recitation and the second one is absolute (and not exclusive). Thus, it is obligatory to remain silent during Qur’anic recitation.” [Radd al-Muhtar, vol. 1, pg. 545]
Therefore, silence is fard during the listening of Qur’anic recitation. Saying anything during it is against silence and is definitely impermissible. It is necessary for every Sunni Muslim to abstain from it.
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by the SeekersPath Team
Read the original answer in Urdu here – [Q-ID0448] Should we respond to the Ayah of Durood by saying ‘Haqq Ya Nabi’?