What do the scholars of the Dīn and muftīs of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: If I recite اَشْھَدُ اَنْ لَّآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہُ as اَنْ لَا instead of اَ لَّا in Tashahhud, is my salāh fulfilled?
Questioner: A brother from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
Yes, your salāh is fulfilled, because reciting this in accordance to the rule of Idghām [i.e. merging] is from the essentials of recitation, not from the Farā’id of salāh. The second is that the meaning does not even become invalid by reading as so (اَن لَا), thus even though salāh is fulfilled, it is still better to recite it as اَنْ لَّآ اِلٰہَ اِلَّا اللہُ
Just as Sayyidī A’lā Hazrat Imām Ahmad Ridā Khān, may Allāh shower mercy upon him, states in Fatāwā Ridawiyyah that the fatwā [legal verdict according to Islamic Law] of the more recent scholars, may Allāh shower mercy upon them all, with regards to a mistake in I’rāb, meaning a mistake in harakāt, sukūn, tashdīd, takhfīf, qasr, madd, is that salāh does not become invalid under any circumstances. Although the previous scholars and the Imāms of the Madhabs themselves, may Allāh be pleased with them, acknowledge salāh becoming invalid in the case of the meaning becoming invalid, and this is what is stronger in terms of evidences, and it is more cautious and more appropriate to act upon this.
[Fatāwā Ridawiyyah, vol 6, pg 248]
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Haider Ali
Read the original Urdu answer here: [Q-ID0560] In Tashahud I recited ‘ash-hadu an-laa ilaaha’ instead of ‘ash-hadu al-laa ilaaha’ – is my prayer valid?