What do the scholars of the Dīn and muftīs of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: that due to work constraints can I pray Zhuhr at its end time and then when Asr starts I pray it at its start time?

Questioner: Sister from UK


بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

To pray Zhuhr at its end time and Asr at its start time due to an excuse is permissible. This is called combining in outward form only (jam’ sūrī) and without an excuse this should not be done, rather prayers should be delivered in their mustahabb timings.

The evidence for this is the statement of Sayyidī, my Imām, the coolness of my eyes and the tranquillity of my heart al-Imām Abū Hanīfah (may Allāh shower him with mercy):

“Whoever intended to join between two prayers due to rain or travel or other reasons he should delay the first to its end time and bring the second forward by delivering in its start time and thus join between them so that each of them is in its own timing.”

[Kitāb al-Hujjah Volume 2 pg 159]

After mentioning this opinion Sayyidī A’la Hazrat al-Imām Ahmad Ridā Khān (may Allāh cover him with mercy) states in al-Fatāwā al-Ridwiyyah:

“This blessed statement of the noble Imām (may Allah be pleased with him) makes it apparent that the permission for combining in outward form only (jam’ sūrī) is not only considered in relation to illness and travel but its permission is there also when there is intense rain.”

At another place he mentions:

“Delaying Zhuhr so that it encroaches upon the time of Asr, rather this is more correct because there is no disliked time in Zhuhr.”

واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری

Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Ustādh Ibrar Shafi

Read the original Urdu answer here: [Q-ID0749] Can I pray Zuhr at its end time and then Asr straight after as soon as it enters?

Also see:

[Q-ID0130] Is it allowed to delay the prayer close to its end time?

[Q-ID0269] I started Zuhr prayer late, and completed it in Asr time, is the prayer valid?

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