[Q-ID0383] What is the minimum Mahr (dowry) & how much Mahr did the noble Prophet ﷺ give to his wives?

QUESTION:

What do the scholars and muftis of the noble Shari’ah say regarding the following matter; what is the minimum quantity of Mahr (dowry) and how much Mahr did the noble Prophet give to his wives?

Questioner: Sister from UK

ANSWER:

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

The minimum quantity of mahr is ten dirhams i.e two tolas and seven and a half māsha (30.618 grams) of silver or something of its value. Mahr cannot be less than this. Hazrat Ali  رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ has stated:

قَالَ عَلِيٌّ: «لَا مَهْرَ بِأَقَلَّ مِنْ عَشَرَةِ دَرَاهِمَ»

“Mahr cannot be less than 10 dirhams”

[Musannaf of Ibn Abi Shaybah]

It is also mentioned in Tanwīr-ul-Ibsār ma’ al-Durr al-Mukhtār that:

(أَقَلُّهُ عَشَرَةُ دَرَاهِمَ) لِحَدِيثِ الْبَيْهَقِيّ وَغَيْرِهِ «لَا مَهْرَ أَقَلُّ مِنْ عَشَرَةِ دَرَاهِمَ»

The minimum quantity of mahr is ten dirhams; Baihaqi and other books of Ahādīth state that mahr cannot be less than 10 dirhams.

[al-Durr al-Mukhtār and Radd al-Muhtār, Kitāb ul-Nikāh, Bāb ul-Mahr pg 222]

The merciful Prophet ﷺ gave twelve and a half ounces i.e. 1530.9 grams of silver in mahr. It is mentioned in Sahīh Muslim:

Hazrat Ai’sha رضی اللہ تعالی عنھا states:

كَانَ صَدَاقُهُ لِأَزْوَاجِهِ ثِنْتَيْ عَشْرَةَ أُوقِيَّةً وَنَشًّاقَالَتْ أَتَدْرِي  مَا النَّشُّ؟» قَالَ: قُلْتُ: لَا، قَالَتْ: «نِصْفُ أُوقِيَّةٍ، فَتِلْكَ خَمْسُمِائَةِ دِرْهَمٍ، فَهَذَا صَدَاقُ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ لِأَزْوَاجِهِ

The mahr given to the pure wives of the Prophet ﷺ was twelve auqiȳah and nash.

He ﷺ then asked do you know what a nash is? It is half an auqiȳah. In total, the mahr was twelve and a half auqiȳah i.e. 500 dirhams of silver

[Sahīh Muslim, Kitāb ul-Nikāh, Bāb-ul-Sidāq, Hadīth no.1426 pg.no.740]

واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری

Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri

Translated by Dawud Hanif

Read the original answer in Urdu here – [Q-ID0383] What is the minimum Mahr (dowry) & how much Mahr did the noble Prophet give to his wives?

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