What is the ruling about replying to the second adhaan of jumu’ah, it’s dua and kissing the thumbs?
REPLYING TO THE SECOND ADHAN AND RECITING DUA
There is a difference of opinion, between Imam Abu Hanifah and his two students (رضى الله عنهم) regarding whether or not one should reply to the second adhan of Jumu’ah and whether or not one should recite the dua after it. It is better to avoid this. The same applies to kissing your thumbs when hearing the name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) in the second adhan (of Jumu’ah). During the sermon we have been ordered to remain quiet, therefore during it if you hear the name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) recite durood sharif (salawat) only inside your heart and not verbally with your tongue.
[Fatawa Ridawiyyah vol 8 pg 468]
According to our Imam Abu Hanifah, it is not permissible for muqtadis (those following the Imam in prayer) to reply to the second adhan, but his two students, the Sahibayn, say that this is permissible (رضى الله عنهم). Tabyin-ul-Haqaiq states that Imam Abu Hanifah’s opinion is safer because of the following blessed hadith:
إذا خرج الإمام فلا صلاة ولا کلام
Trans: “When the Imam comes out to ascend the pulpit it is not permissible to pray any salah or speak”.
Imam Ahmad Rida Khan (رضى الله عنه) says in Jadd-ul-Mumtar:
“و إلا صح الأحوط إطلاق المنع کما أفاده الزيلعي”
Trans: “It is safer to prohibit all speech”.
If the Khateeb (the Imam leading the sermon/prayer) himself replies to the adhan verbally or recites the dua then this is undoubtedly permissible.
Both are proven by the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and are clearly mentioned in Bukhari Shareef.
Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmed Rida Khan (رضى الله عنه) says,
“The muqtadi should definitely not reply, this is safer”.
(إجابة الأذان ح مکروهة نهر الفائق)
Trans: “Replying to the adhan is disliked”.
ينبغي أن لا يجيب بلسانه اتفاقا في الأذان بين يدي الخطيب
Trans: “One should not reply verbally to the (second) adhan (which is said) in front of the imam”.
[Fatawa Ridawiyyah vol 8 pg.300]
A Hadith in Sahih Bukhari proves that the imam can reply to this adhan but not the muqtadi’s.
When there is a general (mutlaq) rule and then there is proof to specify (khusoos) that generality then the general rule becomes specific (muqayyad).
In light of this explanation one can understand the proper context of both statements.
KISSING THE THUMBS
To kiss one’s thumbs and touch one’s eyes on hearing the name of the Master of the Universe the Noblest Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is undoubtedly permissible and a meritorious act, it is a sunnah of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq (رضى الله عنه), in fact the Angels.
Imam Ahmad Rida (رضى الله عنه) has written a complete book on this topic called ‘Muneer-ul-‘Ain-fi-Hukm-e-taqbilil-ibhamain’ and proven the permissibility of this action with unbreakable arguments.
However if you hear the name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) whilst listening to the recitation of the Holy Qur’an or during the second adhan or sermon of Jumu’ah or during prayer then do not kiss your thumbs, because Allah (تعالى) has commanded us in the Holy Qur’an:
“فاستمعوا له وانصتوا”
Trans: “When the Holy Qur’an is recited listen carefully and remain silent”.
[Surah al-A’raf, verse 204]
Also in prayer one should remain motionless, and when the Imam comes out to ascend the pulpit the muqtadi’s are considered to be in the state of prayer, this is why it is not permissible to pray any salah or engage in any sort of speech at this time, as mentioned earlier. In fact when hearing the blessed name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) send peace and blessings upon him in your heart, not verbally, despite the clear emphasis of reciting salawat which all Muslims are aware of.
“In the khutbah when you hear the name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) recite salawat inside your heart, remaining silent is obligatory (fard)”.
[Fatawa Ridawiyyah vol 8 pg365/468]
There is a similar statement in Radd-ul-Mukhtar, chapter of Jumu’ah.
Therefore during salah when you hear the name of the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) do not kiss your thumbs.
Allah تعالى is most knowing.
Answered by Mufti Shams ul Huda Misbahi
Translated by Mawlana Muhammad Rashid Madani