What do the scholars of the Din and muftis of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue, if someone uses a nicotine patch whilst fasting will the fast invalidate?
Questioner: Shahbaz from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
Using a nicotine patch in the state of fasting does not invalidate the fast. Because these patches are usually used on the outer body like arm, back or leg etc. and their effect enters the body through the pores of the body. And something entering the body will only break the fast if it enters through the natural passages of the body, such as mouth, nose etc, but whatever enters through the pores of the body will not break the fast. It is mentioned in Fataawa Hindiyyah, also known as Fataawa ‘Aalamgiri,
وَمَا يَدْخُلُ مِنْ مَسَامِّ الْبَدَنِ مِنْ الدُّهْنِ لَا يُفْطِرُ
Translation: what enters through the pores of the body will not break the fast.
(الفتاوى الهندية المعروف فتاوى عالمگيرى ، ج 1 ص 203 مطبوعہ دار الفکر بیروت)
It’s also mentioned in Majmoo’ ul anhar, a commentary of Multaqal Abhar,
لِأَنَّ الدَّاخِلَ مِنْ الْمَسَامِّ الْغَيْرِ النَّافِذَةِ لَا يُنَافِي
Translation: because apart from the natural passages, the things that enter through the pores will not break the fast.
(مجمع الانھر شرح ملتقی الابحر ج 1 ص 244)
Also, the scholars agree that if one takes a bath, and feels the coolness of the water inside their body, their fast is not broken, as the water entered through the pores.
Ibn ‘Aabideen Shaami says in raddul mukhtar ‘ala durrul mukhtaar;
وَالْمُفْطِرُإنَّمَا هُوَ الدَّاخِلُ مِنْ الْمَنَافِذِ لِلِاتِّفَاقِ عَلَى أَنَّ مَنْ اغْتَسَلَ فِي مَاءٍ فَوَجَدَ بَرْدَهُ فِي بَاطِنِهِ أَنَّهُ لَا يُفْطِرُ
Translation: the things that break the fast are the things that enter through the natural passages of the body, as far as entering into other than the natural passages, that will not break the fast, because there is an agreement about the one who bathes and feels the coolness of the water inside his body, the fast is not broken.
(رد المحتار على الدر المختار، ج2 ص 396,395 مطبوعہ دار الفکر بیروت)
And in Fathul Qadeer,
وَالْمُفْطِرُ الدَّاخِلُ مِنْ الْمَنَافِذِ كالمدخل و المخرج لا من المسام
Translation: whatever enters the natural routes of the body will break the fast, such as mouth, nose, anus etc, not what enters through the pores.
(فتح القدیر، كتاب الصوم ،باب ما يوجب القضاء و الكفارة ج2 ص 257)
Allah knows best
Answered by Abu Hanzalah Khalid Tasneem Al-Madani
Translated by Haroon Rauf
Verified by: Mufti Atta Muhammad Mushahidi (Head of Dar ul Ifta Hashmat ul Raza)
Read the original answer in Urdu here: [Q-ID0488] Do nicotine patches nullify the Fast?