[Q-ID0247] Can a woman work in a place where non-Mahram men are present?

QUESTION:

What do the scholars and muftis of the mighty Shari’ah say regarding this matter: if such a woman who is married and her husband is earning, and she is able to make do [with it], then is it permissible for such a woman to work in a place where non-Mahram men are present?

Questioner: Aamir from UK

ANSWER:

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

It is not suitable for such a woman to work, however if five conditions are fulfilled then it will be permissible;

My master A’lā Hazrat the Imām of the Ahl al-Sunnah, the reviver of the religion, al-Imām Ahmad Ridā Khān (may Allāh cover him with mercy) states, “here there are five conditions”:

  1. The clothes should not be so thin such that the hair of the head or the wrist etc. or any part of the sitr [that what is necessary to cover from the body] is visible
  2. The clothes should not be so tight or close-fitted such that they make the shape of the body [i.e. the raising of the chest or the roundness of the calves etc.] apparent [such as is the case in wearing jeans etc.]
  3. No part of the hair, neck, belly, wrist or calf should be visible
  4. She should not be alone with a Non-Mahram for even a moment
  5. There should be no possibility of fitnah occurring in her staying there or travelling there and back

If these five conditions are found then there is no harm, but if any one of them is not found, then taking up employment and it’s like is Harām”.

[al-Fatāwā al-Ridawiyyah, Volume 22,pg 228]

واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری

Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri

Translated by Zameer Ahmed

Read the original Urdu answer here – [Q-ID0247] Can a woman work in a place where non-Mahram men are present

Also see:

[Q-ID0311] If I commit a sin during work, does my income become Haram?

[Q-ID0144] Can a woman travel 57.5 miles without a mahram?

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