What do the scholars of the Din and muftis of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: at the time of Iftār, should the dua that is recited be said before or after [eating]? 

Questioner: Brother from UK


بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

The dua of Iftaar should be recited after you have ate something to open your fast and not before this, as is the practice of some people today who recite the dua before eating. This is because the noble Prophet (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) would first partake in Iftaar and then recite the dua.

It is mentioned by Imam Tabarani in Al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer and Sunan Dar al-Qutni that Abdullah bin Abbaas (رضی اللہ تعالی عنہ) narrated:

کان رسول اﷲصلی اﷲتعالٰی علیہ وسلم اذاافطر قال اللّٰھم لک صمنا وعلٰی رزقک افطر نا فتقبل منا انّک انت  السمیع العلیم

“When the Messenger of Allah (صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم) had performed the Iftaar he would recite; “O Allah! We have kept fast for Your Sake. We have eaten from Your Sustenance. Accept this from us; verily you are the All-Seeing and the All-Hearing.”

[کتاب عمل الیوم و اللیلۃباب مایقول]

My Master Ala Hazrat Imām of the Ahl al-Sunnah Imām Ahmad Ridā Khān (may Allah envelope him in His Mercy) states the requirement of the evidence is that you recite the dua [of Iftaar] after having eaten.

[Fatawa Ridawiyyah, vol. 10, pg. 634]

واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری

Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri

Translated by Abu Zayn

Read the original Urdu answer here – [Q-ID0350] Should the dua of Iftaar be recited before or after eating?

Also see:

[Q-ID0494] How long should one delay the Maghrib prayer after eating Iftar?

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