What is the actual hukm on ascribing imkan al kidhb to Allah?
الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الجواب بعون الملك الوهاب اللهم هداية الحق والصواب
Ascribing Imkān al-Kidhb (the possibility of lying) to Allāh (Pure is He from all defects) is an intensely filthy and severely reprehensible innovation in ‘Aqā’id and is a statement which is kufr luzūmī by agreement. The scholastic theologians refrain on precautionary grounds from declaring such a person a disbeliever but consider him the worst of the worst of the misguided and misguiding heretical innovators.
Imām Ahl al-Sunnah al-Mujaddid Ahmad Ridā Khān, may Allāh shower him with mercy, mentions in his Dāmān Bāgh Subhān al-Subbūh that, according to the way of the jumhūr (majority) of the noble fuqahā’ (jurists), the one who utters such misguidance becomes a clear disbeliever even though we, in following the jumhūr mutakallimīn (scholars of theology) do not want to say a person is a disbeliever based only on luzūm (necessitating disbelief) without iltizām (necessarily being disbelief). We suffice by saying such a person is dāll (misguided) mudill (misguiding) and a heretic innovator.
[al-Fatāwā al-Ridawiyyah, vol. 15, pg. 451-452]
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ محمد قاسم ضیاء القادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Mawlana Ibrar Shafi