[Q-ID0175] What is the hukm on ascribing imkan al kidhb?

QUESTION:

What is the actual hukm on ascribing imkan al kidhb to Allah?

ANSWER:

الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
الجواب بعون الملك الوهاب اللهم هداية الحق والصواب

Ascribing Imkān al-Kidhb (the possibility of lying) to Allāh (Pure is He from all defects) is an intensely filthy and severely reprehensible innovation in ‘Aqā’id and is a statement which is kufr luzūmī by agreement. The scholastic theologians refrain on precautionary grounds from declaring such a person a disbeliever but consider him the worst of the worst of the misguided and misguiding heretical innovators.

Imām Ahl al-Sunnah al-Mujaddid Ahmad Ridā Khān, may Allāh shower him with mercy, mentions in his Dāmān Bāgh Subhān al-Subbūh that, according to the way of the jumhūr (majority) of the noble fuqahā’ (jurists), the one who utters such misguidance becomes a clear disbeliever even though we, in following the jumhūr mutakallimīn (scholars of theology) do not want to say a person is a disbeliever based only on luzūm (necessitating disbelief) without iltizām (necessarily being disbelief). We suffice by saying such a person is dāll (misguided) mudill (misguiding) and a heretic innovator.

[al-Fatāwā al-Ridawiyyah, vol. 15, pg. 451-452]

واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ محمد قاسم ضیاء القادری

Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri

Translated by Mawlana Ibrar Shafi

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