[Q-ID0634] What is the ruling on dog fighting and rooster fighting according to the Shari’ah?

QUESTION:

What do the noble ulamā say regarding this, that in our area competitions are held where dog fighting and rooster fighting is arranged. Is this permissible according to the Sharī’ah?

ANSWER:

بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب

Making dogs, roosters, bulls, quails, partridges and other animals fight one another is impermissible and a sin because this is causing them harm without any reason and the Messenger of Allāh ﷺ forbade this. As is narrated by Sayyidunā ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbās (may Allāh be pleased with him):

“The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ forbade incitement [of fighting] between animals.”

[Jami’ Tirmidhī Vol1 pg 433]

Hakīm al-Ummah Muftī Ahmad Yār Khān Na’īmī (may Allāh shower him with mercy) has written beneath this hadith:

“May Allāh have mercy upon us. Nowadays there is a lot of love amongst Muslims for rooster, dog, camel and bull fighting. All of this is forbidden, intensely forbidden because in it is the causing of harm to animals without reason and wastage of one’s time.  In some places animals are made to fight with the condition of money, this which is happening now is harām upon harām.”

[Mir’āt al-Manājīh Vol 5 pg 659]

A’la Hazrat Imām Ahl al-Sunnah Imām Ahmad Ridā Khān (may Allāh shower him with mercy) writes:

“Causing animals to fight is absolutely forbidden and a sin because causing harm without a reason is a sin.”

[Fatāwā Ridwiyyah Vol 24 pg 643]

Allāh (Most Transcendent) Knows Best and His Messenger (ﷺ)

Answered by: ‘Abd al-Rabb Shākir Ridā al-Attārī al-Madanī (Specialist in al-Fiqh al-Islāmī)

Affirmed by: Muftī Abū al-Sālih Muhammad Qāsim al-Qādirī‘

28th Dhul Hijjah al-Harām 1439 AH (9th September 2018)

Source: Dār al-Iftā Ahl al-Sunnah (Da’wat e Islami)

Translated by: Mawlana Ibrar Shafi

Read the original Urdu answer here: [Q-ID0634] What is the ruling on dog fighting and rooster fighting according to the Shari’ah?

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