What do the scholars of the Din and muftis of the Sacred Law state regarding the following issue: is the pregnant and breastfeeding woman required to fast?
Questioner: A sister from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
If a woman who is pregnant or breastfeeding overwhelmingly perceives the safety of her own or her child’s life to be in danger then it is permissible for her to leave the fast but she will have to do qada (make-up) of the fast afterwards. As it is mentioned in Tanwir al-Absar that:
حَامِلٍ أَوْ مُرْضِعٍ خَافَتْ بِغَلَبَةِ الظَّنِّ عَلَى نَفْسِهَا أَوْ وَلَدِهَا
“A pregnant or breastfeeding woman who overwhelmingly perceives for her or her child’s life is allowed to leave the fast.”
[Tanwir al-Absar with al-Durr al-Mukhtar, vol. 3, pg. 403]
There are three scenarios in which one can follow their overwhelming perception: 1) the affects [of fasting] are noticeable 2) a person’s personal past experience 3) if a proficient Muslim doctor meaning one who isn’t an open-sinner has informed you about it.
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by Abu Zayn
Read the original answer in Urdu here – [Q-ID0454] Is the pregnant or breastfeeding woman required to fast?