What do the scholars and muftis of the noble Shari’ah say regarding the following matter; I work at a non-Muslim school in the UK. The haram (prohibited) food consumed by the non-Muslims is present there. I only serve such food. Is serving haram food to non-Muslims permissible? I must also wash the dishes due to which impure water falls on my clothes. Is it necessary that I perform ghusl (major ablution) before offering salah (the ritual prayer), or should I only change my clothes, perform wudu (minor ablution) and offer salah?
Questioner: A brother from UK
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
الجواب بعون الملک الوھاب اللھم ھدایۃ الحق والصواب
It is permissible to do a job in which haram food has to be served to non-Muslims. Wages are taken in lieu of serving the food that they need and washing the dishes. It is permissible to work for a non-Muslim and the wages for it are also permissible, with the condition that there is no other legal objection.
The gravest sin of shirk (polytheism) and kufr (infidelity) takes place in Christian churches, but even then, for a Muslim, building a church is similar to building a house. Constructing any house is in and of itself permissible and the earnings from it are lawful.
It is mentioned in Fatawa Qadi Khan:
لوآجر نفسہ یعمل فی الکنیسۃ ویعمر ھالاباس بہ لانہ لامعصیۃ فی عین العمل
Translation: “There is no problem in a labourer working in a church or even constructing it because there is no sin in his very act.” [Fatawa Qadi Khan, vol. 4, pg. 794]
The wages paid to the Muslim labourer are in return of his work. Constructing a house is a permissible job and hence the earnings are lawful.
Similarly, renting out a house to a Magian, a Christian or a Jew is permissible, even if (the Magian) sets up a fire temple in it, or if (the Christian) sets up a church in it, or if alcohol is sold in it, etc. The rent obtained is in lieu of the use of the house. This is absolutely permissible and would not be considered as cooperation in committing a sin.
It is mentioned in al-Hidayah:
وَمَنْ أَجَّرَ بَيْتًا لِيُتَّخَذَ فِيهِ بَيْتُ نَارٍ أَوْ كَنِيسَةٌ أَوْ بِيعَةٌ أَوْ يُبَاعُ فِيهِ الْخَمْرُ بِالسَّوَادِ فَلَا بَأْسَ بِهِ) وَهَذَا عِنْدَ أَبِي حَنِيفَةَ لأَنَّ الْإِجَارَةَ تَرِدُ عَلَى مَنْفَعَةِ الْبَيْتِ، وَلِهَذَا تَجِبُ الْأُجْرَةُ بِمُجَرَّدِ التَّسْلِيمِ، وَلَا مَعْصِيَةَ فِيهِ، وَإِنَّمَا الْمَعْصِيَةُ بِفِعْلِ الْمُسْتَأْجِرِ، وَهُوَ مُخْتَارٌ
Translation: “There is no problem in renting out a house for a fire temple, church or liquor shop to be set up in it, as the rent obtained is in lieu of the use of the house. Thus, the payment of rent is obligated once the house is handed over (to the tenant), and there is no sin in this. The sin is the action of the tenant for which he himself is responsible.” [al-Hidayah, vol. 4, pg. 470]
However, it is better to find some other means of livelihood.
After washing dishes used to serve haram food, it is sufficient to change clothes and do wudu. Performing ghusl is not necessary. However, it is necessary to wash those parts of the body on which the impure water fell.
واللہ تعالی اعلم ورسولہ اعلم صلی اللہ علیہ وآلہ وسلم
کتبہ ابو الحسن محمد قاسم ضیاء قادری
Answered by Mufti Qasim Zia al-Qadri
Translated by the SeekersPath Team
Read the original answer in Urdu here – [Q-ID0451] Is it permissible to work in a School Kitchen serving non-Halal food?